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What great software architects hide under their belts

The best option is finding a choice that works every time; the next best is automatically making the choice, the third best is adding a configuration parameter and setting a reasonable default.

Principle Poorly designed configurations can create a lot of confusion. Always document few example values for the configuration.

Software Architecture Foundations

Principle Ask configuration values in terms of things the user can answer off his head without making calculations to set the value e. Principle Throw an error if you see an unknown configuration. Never ignore it silently. Silent configuration errors are source of many lost hours while debugging. Principle Dreaming up new languages is easy, but getting them right is very hard.

Try not to do it unless team can spend at least ten person-years on it. If you are still not sure, read Five Questions about Language Design. Principle Composable drag and drop UIs are hard, do not start one unless the team ready to invest ten person-years into it. Finally, let me talk about something that I have changed my mind about over time. A system built with such features would be optimal. Unfortunately, it is hard to get to that state. It is even hard to stay there. It could be a mistake to enforce this rigidly, especially at the initial state of new features where simple features can cascade into big changes because we try to make everything orthogonal.

Sometimes we find that the feature we added was not useful after all and then all the additional work is spent for nothing. Finally, if this lead to negotiations between multiple teams, the feature might never get done. With hindsight, now I am willing to live with duplication when trying to remove it lead to significant complexity. The cure can be worse than the disease. As the architect, one should think like a Gardner, who shape, curate, and remove weed rather than define and build.

You should curate rather than dictate, shape rather than define, and incite discussion than label. Although it might be cheaper and easier in the short term to dictate the architecture, in the long term, guiding and letting the team finding their way pays dividends. If you are not careful, it is easier to do fly by architecture, where the designer only told his architecture is wrong, but not why it is wrong. One way to avoid this is to have a set of principles that are generally accepted, which become the anchor for discussion as well as learning path for budding architects.

UML Architecture Diagrams

We discussed some principles that helped me handle some of the challenges. Following is a summary. Hope this was useful. Srinath Perera srinathperera. Tweet This.

Other architecture software options to consider

In the following talk, Gregor Hohpe captures this idea beautifully. Choosing Features Principle 9: It is impossible to think through how users will use our product fully. Server Design and Concurrency Principle Know how a server works from Hardware, operating system up to your programming language.

Distributed Systems Principle Stateless systems are scalable and straightforward. User Experience Principle Know your users and know their goals: is he a novice, expert, or casual user? Principle Best products do not need a manual. Its use is self-evident.

Software Architecture

Principle Always have sensible defaults for configurations. Hard Problems Principle Dreaming up new languages is easy, but getting them right is very hard. Conclusion As the architect, one should think like a Gardner, who shape, curate, and remove weed rather than define and build.

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Continue the discussion. Can Middleware survive the Serverless enabled Cloud? Srinath Perera Jun Srinath Perera Jan A Methodology. Srinath Perera Oct Srinath Perera Mar A formal software architecture evaluation should be a standard part of the architecture-based software development lifecycle. Architecture evaluation is a cost-effective way of mitigating the substantial risks associated with this highly important artifact.

The achievement of a software system's quality attributes depends much more on the software architecture than on code-related issues such as language choice, fine-grained design, algorithms, data structures, testing, and so forth. Most complex software systems are required to be modifiable and have good performance.

They may also need to be secure, interoperable, portable, and reliable. But for any particular system, what precisely do these quality attributes—modifiability, security, performance, reliability—mean?

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  • Can a system be analyzed to determine these desired qualities? How soon can such an analysis occur? What happens when these quality attributes are in conflict with each other? How can the tradeoffs be examined, analyzed, and captured? Our tools and methods can be used alone or in combination to obtain early and continuous benefits to any software development project. SATURN attracts attendees from many domains and technical communities who share interests in both practice and research.

    This unique mix makes it the best place to learn, exchange ideas, and find collaborators at the leading edge of modern software architecture practice. Based on decades of experience architecting software-reliant systems and supported by four widely acclaimed books, our software architecture training equips software professionals with state-of-the-art practices, so they can efficiently design software-reliant systems that meet their intended business and quality goals. We also offer many courses on topics related to software architecture, from big data architectures to microservices, from documenting architectures to analyzing them, and from designing systems to managing their technical debt.

    Learn more about SEI courses. The SEI's architecture evaluation methods can help you improve software development and quality and gain early confidence in achieving system-related business and mission goals. Before you build a software system, you need to clarify the capabilities it must deliver. The SEI Quality Attribute Workshop helps you identify important quality attributes before there is a software architecture. A Mission Thread Workshop conducted by the SEI is an effective way of understanding stakeholder needs and reducing the risks associated with software architectures.

    QuABaseBD is a linked collection of computer science and software engineering knowledge used specifically for designing big data systems with NoSQL databases. AADL provides a framework for analyzing system designs and supports architecture-centric, model-based development through the system lifecycle. There is a long list of characteristics which mainly represent the business or the operational requirements, in addition to the technical requirements. As explained, software characteristics describe the requirements and the expectations of a software in operational and technical levels.

    Thus, when a product owner says they are competing in a rapidly changing markets, and they should adapt their business model quickly. As a software architect, you should note that the performance and low fault tolerance, scalability and reliability are your key characteristics. Some of them will be discussed later in this article.

    Building Evolutionary Architectures by Patrick Kua, Rebecca Parsons, Neal Ford

    The Microservices pattern received its reputation after being adopted by Amazon and Netflix and showing its great impact. I will discuss them later. This element refers to the application solution that depends on third-party services to manage the complexity of the servers and backend management. Serverless Architecture is divided into two main categories.

    You can read more about this here. This architecture depends on Event Producers and Event Consumers. Is it complicated? Assume you design an online store system and it has two parts. A purchase module and a vendor module. Once the vendor module gets this event, it will execute some tasks or maybe fire another event for order more of the product from a certain vendor. Just remember the event-producer does not know which event-consumer listening to which event.

    Software Architecture

    Also, other consumers do not know which of them listens to which events.