A student who fulfills the research emphasis but does not meet the grade requirements for Latin honors receives a research milestone on the transcript. The research emphasis comprises the following work in addition to the biology major requirements. Six units of independent research Bio In most cases, independent study leading to a research emphasis starts no later than spring of the junior year. Most students work full time on this research during the summer following their junior year and complete their work during the senior year.
A paper written by the student and judged by the mentor to be worthy of recognition.
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The paper should be written in the style of a scientific article for a professional journal, with abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results, and discussion. The research thesis should reflect substantial effort. The introduction should put the work into biological context and thoroughly review relevant literature. The methods section should be more extensive than a journal article's and should demonstrate that the student understands the methods used.
Results and discussion may be combined or presented separately. Tables, figures, and bibliographies should be used to present results and should be in standard journal-style form. Extensive or complete results are not required for a thesis to be acceptable. Discussion of incomplete results and problems encountered may be appropriate when experiments have not yielded significant results. Because a student rarely completely solves a problem within the available time, an indication of what should be done next is often appropriate. A mentor's letter certifying acceptability of the thesis MUST accompany the thesis.
An oral examination may be held at the discretion of the Department.
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Presentation of the honors thesis work in the form of a poster or short talk at the spring Undergraduate Research Symposium. Students graduating in December have a different deadline - consult Patrick Clark. To have an acceptable thesis, students must begin writing and submit draft versions of each part of their honors thesis to their mentors to get feedback well before this deadline. Students should consult their mentors about an appropriate timetable by the end of the Fall semester of senior year. Generally, writing should begin no later than January start of spring semester and preliminary drafts of sections should be presented to mentors for feedback beginning early in February.
There should be several rounds of revision and discussion among the mentor, possibly others in the lab bench mentor and others who are familiar with the project and the student to generate the final version. The process is akin to writing a manuscript for publication, and students should seek advice as would any researcher presenting results for publication. Mentor approval is required on the final version. If a mentor has not seen and approved the final version prior to the deadline, the department will NOT recommend the student for a research emphasis.
The spring Undergraduate Research Symposium is normally scheduled between the last day of spring semester classes and the start of final examinations. Explore the Undergraduate Research section of our website for additional information and resources.
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Some courses from other universities may substitute for Washington University courses. For approval of chemistry, mathematics and physics courses required by the biology major, contact the home department to ensure that transfer credit will appear on your record with the same course number that we require. The College of Arts and Sciences requires each student to take an upper-level writing-intensive WI course at least 3 credits.
Any course formally approved as WI may be used to satisfy this requirement, and a grade of C- or better must be earned.
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Bioinformatics Minor Details. The School of Engineering and Applied Science offers undergraduate programs in biomedical engineering with tracks in Bioelectrical Systems, Biomechanics, Biomolecular Systems, and Biotechnology. Biomedical engineering majors with strong interests in Biology may supplement the secondary major with a Biology second major. Biomedical Engineering Details. The program combines academic courses, outreach interactions, hands-on research experiences, and networking opportunities. In addition to the required introductory courses, students take at least 9 units of elective courses at the level or above.
Environmental Biology or Earth Science majors may substitute the advanced science course with another area; Environmental Policy majors may substitute the advanced political science or law course with a course in another area. Environmental Studies minor. This minor has been developed to better prepare students to tackle real-world environmental challenges by providing more robust opportunities for interdisciplinary knowledge and skill development.
In particular, the minor is structured to provide students with opportunities to strengthen their critical analysis and problem solving skills through participation in team-based learning experiences, and where possible by engaging on real-world issues. Interdisciplinary Environmental Analysis minor.
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Philosophy - Neuroscience - Psychology PNP is an interdisciplinary program that provides an opportunity to examine the mind from multiple perspectives. In addition to philosophy, neuroscience, and psychology, PNP draws upon other disciplines whose investigations contribute to understanding cognition, such as biology, linguistics, education, and cultural anthropology. Each of the disciplines employs different modes of inquiry to examine various aspects of cognition.
For example, from the perspective of neuroscience, investigating the workings of the mind means investigating the workings of the brain; from the perspective of linguistics, we gain insight into the mind by investigating one of its most complex products, namely language; and from the perspective of cultural anthropology, we gain insight into the mind's workings by looking at the workings of society. The goal of the major is for students to develop an understanding of the differences among the approaches used by these disciplines and an appreciation of how they can provide converging perspectives on issues in cognition.
PNP may be taken as a first major, second major, or minor. These programs are designed for science majors to reinforce their scientific training with knowledge of the conceptual, historical, and philosophical foundations of science. The Philosophy of Science track is available only as a second major in combination with work in one or more of the sciences.
Philosophy of Science Details. We are here to help! The Biology Student Affairs office is dedicated to connecting you to assistance and resources. Mission Statement A student graduating with a major in biology should be well educated in the history of scientific discovery in biology, the logical and statistical procedures used to formulate and to test biological hypotheses, and technical skills needed for conducting contemporary biological research. Biology Student Handbook In addition to the details provided below, students are encouraged to review the Undergraduate Biology Student Handbook for details about major requirements and other key information.
Advanced Biology Requirement At least eighteen units in approved advanced Biology courses numbered or above are required. Grades All courses counted toward major requirements must be taken for a letter grade if a letter grade is offered. Biol Neuroscience Futures 2. Major in Environmental Biology Students interested in environmental biology typically take Biol Introduction to Environmental Biology during fall of the freshman year, although it may be taken later.
Grades All courses utilized for the Biology minor including chemistry must be taken for a letter grade. Overall 3. Motion, forces, conservation principles, fields, structure of matter.
Applications to electromagnetic phenomena. Fundamental principles to solve quantitative problems. Description of motion, forces, conservation principles, fields. Structure of matter, with applications to electro-magnetic phenomena. An in-depth analysis of molecular biology topics and methods related to the Central Dogma of modern biology. Successful completion of this course is required as the prerequisite for most upper-level CBS courses.
This course provides an introduction to biochemistry including discussion of the structure and functions of biomolecules proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids , central metabolic pathways, and the mechanisms of enzyme action.
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