When American diplomats placed advertisements in Indian newspapers proclaiming the right of all men to freedom, British censors quietly confiscated those editions. Yet the Raj went along with a softer American propaganda ploy, the distribution of pin-ups of Hollywood starlets. There is irony, too, in a comment she unearths from an intelligence report on the mood among British troops in India.
Srinath Raghavan, a fellow at the Centre for Policy Research, a Delhi think-tank, usefully supplies the facts, in charts, figures, maps and details of military operations, which Ms Khan elides. He also gives thorough, fascinating and revealing accounts of the economic transformations generated by the war, and of the debates and decision-making in wartime politics.
No one comes out of this looking very good.
Mr Raghavan lets the cynicism and occasional outright racism of British officials speak for themselves. But the author also offers a corrective to later Indian accounts that have exaggerated the strength of pro-independence feeling and glorified the Japanese-sponsored Indian National Army, made up of Indian POWs and defectors.
India at War: The Subcontinent and the Second World War
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Topics up icon. Jinnah was able to report that in the last six months , membership of the League had increased dramatically. The Muslim League and its allies were influential in 7 out of 11 provinces and the League could now confidently state that it would only talk to Congress on an equal footing. Political direction in the subcontinent was now influenced by world events.
The German were at war with Britainand France , which had a direct impact on the subcontinent , as the British Indian Army was the largest contingent of the British Army.
How the war affected the subcontinent - Daily Times
Although the British refused to agree to this , they promised that dominion status would be granted to the Subcontinent after the war. On 22 October , the Congress rejected the British offer and called on all its ministers to resigned by the end of all had compiled with the order. These included a promise that the Congress would join in Coalition with the Muslime league In provincial ministries. On 22 December following the resignation of all the Congress ministries , The Muslim league decided to celebrate, a day of deliverence , thoughtful the subcontinent.
The day of deliverence was officially called by the Muslim League as a celebration to mark the end of Congress' tyranny , oppression an injustice. The Congress Party ministries had been viewed by the Muslim League is advancing the cause of the Hindus at the expense of the Muslims. The call for celebration was bitterly Resented by the Congress Party and Nehru stated that they now , seemed to be common ground' between the two parties.
Just how wide the gulf was between the hindus and the Muslims was soon to be demonstrated. Created By: Khansa. Rate This Article No Thanks. Context and Writing Standards :. Overall ratings:. Related The Cabinet Mission. Was it not axiomatic that a time should come when the British empire faced a downturn?
On a crest in , it was at its widest ever, but after hitting a trough, within twenty years it stood liquidated. Imperial Britain had interests across the globe with India occupying centre stage. It was imperative that Britain follow an agenda that met its strategic requirements when its withdrawal from India became imminent.
What were the British strategic considerations? The provincial legislature had a comfortable Congress majority. Elections in the provinces had just concluded.
It could reasonably and comfortably be assumed that the Congress ministry would last its tenure. So then why would a Congress-governed province opt for Pakistan? In their forecast, however, the British officials were not off the mark.
What they perceived to be theoretically possible could well turn into reality with the help of the NWFP governor and the provincial bureaucracy. After all, the NWFP had never much been run along popular lines. Governor George Cunningham ruled the province during the World War II years , even though both the Congress and the Muslim League got a chance to form ministries.
Baluchistan, bordering Persia and the sea and therefore strategically very important, proved a far easier game for the British.
http://lcdprojectormovies.com/cell-tracking-on-honor-8a.php The idea mooted in the India Office paper was of at least two Pakistans with no federal union, however loose. The paper was essentially an exercise in assessing the consequences of this division. Calcutta was predicted to emerge as a major bone of contention between India and Pakistan.